Porcine Reproductive and Respiratory Syndrome (PRRS) is a swine disease responsible for some of the highest economic losses in global pig production. In particular, breeding companies, multipliers and centers for artificial insemination must do everything possible to make sure that they maintain a negative PRRS status.
As a review, what is PRRS?
PRRS was first isolated and classified as an antivirus as recently as 1991 but first recognized in the USA in the mid 1980’s and was called “mystery swine disease”. It has also been called blue ear disease.
The virus of PRRS has the greatest affect on the pig’s lungs and reproductive system. A major part of the bodies defense mechanism is destroyed and allows bacteria and other viruses to proliferate and do damage. PRRS tends to remain present and active indefinitely.
The clinical picture can vary tremendously from one herd to another. As a guide, for every three herds that are exposed to PRRS for the first time one will show no recognizable disease, the second would show mild disease and the third moderate to severe disease. The reasons for this are not clearly understood. However the higher the health status of the herd, the less severe are the disease effects. It may be that the virus is mutating as it multiplies, throwing up some strains that are highly virulent and some that are not.
PRRS infects all types of herd including high or ordinary health status and both indoor and outdoor units, irrespective of size.
The main affects are decreased farrowing rates, increased mortality, attrition, and increased respiratory disease.
To read the entire article (www.thepigsite.com) including an extensive list of symptoms CLICK HERE
Economic effect of PRRS
PRRS is the most economically important disease now affecting swine producers.
According to The Economic and Production Impact of Porcine Reproductive and Respiratory Syndrome on Nursery and Grower-Finisher Pigs by Radu Zorzolan, A Thesis Presented to The University of Guelph
“The reduction of profits due to a PRRS outbreak was US $236 / female, which represented an 80% reduction in expected profits in the year of the outbreak.”
The same study estimated the cost of PRRS infection in the grower-finisher population to average $6.25-15.25 per pig (combined nursery and finishing stage).
Does an PRRS air filter work to keep your heard PRRS negative?
Throughout the swine industry, extensive efforts have been made to protect genetic and commercial swine herds from infection with different pathogens. However, local spread of certain pathogens such as PRRSV between farms still occurs due to aerosol transmission (Dee et al. 2006c). To reduce the risk of airborne spread, swine producers around the world are beginning to implement systems to filter the air entering their facilities. France was the first country that reported the use of air filtration in nucleus herds and boar studs. Since 1996, Cooperl- Hunaudaye, implemented air filtration in 11 herds that were populated with PRRSV negative animals after the system was installed. Air Filtration for PRRS Control 155 These herds are situated in Brittany, the most populated swine area in France; all have preserved their PRRSV negative status since then. As of today a considerable number of artificial insemination centers and farms in Europe, Quebec and the United States have implemented this technology since, in spite of extreme biosecurity rules, they experienced among others PRRS outbreaks without finding a logical explanation (Desrosiers, 2004a).
To read entire article from the Priarie Swine Centre CLICK HERE
Dwyer Manufacturing offers an PRRS virus air filtraton system designed by Big Dutchman, Germany.
Below is a summary of information on Big Dutchman’s Air Pro Tec system. CLICK HERE to find complete brochure
With Air Pro Tec, Big Dutchman offers an efficient fresh air filter which significantly reduces the introduction of PRRS viruses – by up to 95%
With Big Dutchman’s pressurized system, there are no exacting requirements regarding the air-tightness of the building.
The air filters consist of the following main parts:
Wind protection netting – prevents the entry of coarse foreign matter
Prefilter – filters particles with a diameter of 3 microns and any PRRS viruses adhering to them
Main Filter – filter fine particles up to 0.3 microns and any PRRS viruses adhering to them
Cooling Module – fresh air can be cooled as required
Ventilation pipe with fan and cover flap
The Air Pro Tec filters come in three sizes to be used in a centralized or decentralized systems.
The centralized systems ( APT 10 000 and APT 20 000) works well in facilities where cooling is necessary. Air capacity of each is 10,000 and 20,000 m3/hour respectively.
The decentralized system is build to fit Big D’s CL wall air inlets but can also be retrofitted for existing wall inlets. Air capacity is 1500 m3/hour
While the additional capital cost of a PRRS virus air filtration system can be significant, the cost benefit of keeping your PRRS virus negative status can be more over the lifetime of the filtration system. Remember the study that shows $236 / sow / year in production lose is possible the first year of outbreak.
$236 x 500 sows = $118,000 in the first year alone plus over 10 years = $1,180,000 in production lose plus the value of a negative PRRS status.
Contact us here at Dwyer Manufacturing for more details and a quote for your operation.
Gilbert comes to Dwyer Mfg with 20 years experience in the industry as owner/operator of a modern farrow to finish hog operation with liquid feeding throughout our operation. Currently his roles include Parts Manager, Customer Service, and Blog and Social Media writer.